With Windows 11, Microsoft has unveiled a series of stringent requirements for upgradeable computers, including TPM 2.0. These requirements have locked many PC users, but no more. In this article, we will look at the TPM module, why it is important, how to test it on your device and how to bypass it and install Windows 11.
What is a TPM?
TPM stands for “Reliable Platform Module”. This is a technology designed to give your computer strong hardware-based security. This chip helps your computer create, store, and restrict the use of encryption keys and other security credentials on your device.
How does TPM work?
The TPM module in the laptop plays a powerful role in keeping the computer safe. Here are some examples to secure your device:
- Your TPM chip can integrate with software to protect your system from hacking or exploitation. Using TPM, your hardware protects any passwords or encryption keys sent unencrypted.
- Besides, it can sense unexpected changes in your system. If they are caused by a virus or malware, your TPM chip goes into quarantine mode and helps your computer fight the threat.
- It can also store your credentials, security credentials and encryption keys, which is a more secure option than password managers on your hard drive.
- Your TPM can emulate a virtual smart card, protect your private keys from copying and use elsewhere to access your device.
- If you are using the TPM to enable BitLocker drive encryption, the chip will run conditional tests to ensure boot-boot safety. If your TPM senses a change in the hard drives, such as theft, it locks the system.
What are the types of TPM?
Manufacturers apply TPM functionality differently in their devices, making it essential to know what type of TPM your device has to understand how it works and how to enable or disable it.
There are five different types of TPMs. Let’s look at them below.
- Discrete TPMs – These are dedicated and tamper-resistant semiconductor chips that are physically installed on the motherboard of your PC. These modules implement TPM functionality in the most secure way and are what Microsoft expects your device to support in Windows 11.
- Integrated TPMs – Integrated TPMs are also physical chips, but they come as part of another chip in your motherboard. Although not as resistant to tampering as discrete TPMs, they use bug-resistant hardware in your software.
- Firmware TPMs (fTPM) – Unlike any of the above options, firmware-based TPMs (fTPMs). They work in the reliable execution environment of your processor to give you similar security as TPM versions of hardware.
- Hypervisor TPMs (vTPM) – TPM Hypervisor requires a virtual environment to work. This makes it easy for you to install Windows 11 on a virtual machine, where vTPM runs in a software-isolated environment.
- TPMs software – TPM software mimics the functionality of a discrete TPM but without better protection than a standard program can offer. TPM software is the least secure, as it is vulnerable to bugs and malicious attacks.
Why is TPM 2.0 a requirement in Windows 11?
As technology evolves, so do threats to the security and privacy of your data. The TPM 2.0 standard is Microsoft’s way to help you protect your identity and secure your data from intrusion.
For example, you will need TPM 2.0 to run Windows Hello and enable BitLocker encryption for your hard drive.
Since 2016, many manufacturers have shipped PCs capable of running TPM 2.0, but some of the computers capable of running this module are not set up to do so. We therefore recommend that you check the TPM compatibility on your device before installing Windows 11.
How to check if your device has TPM 2.0
There are three ways to check if your laptop has TPM 2.0 installed and it will support Windows 11.
1. Use the Microsoft PC Health Check application
The fastest way to determine if your computer can support Windows 11 and has TPM 2.0 is by using a computer health check utility. Follow the instructions below.
- Download the Computer health check app From Microsoft.
- Open and run the .msi file. It installs the app to your PC.
- Open the computer testing app. Click “Check Now” and launch the utility.
- Once the scan is complete, this app will show you the TPM version of your PC and other compatibility information.
If your computer is not compatible with Windows 11, it will show you how and why. It will also provide you with information about your battery capacity, update status and storage capacity.
2. Run the Trusted Platform Module test
Another great way to test your TPM version is to use
- Tap Win + R Keys to start “Activation”. In the dialog box, type
tpm.mscAnd tap to enter Or click “OK”.
- This opens the “TPM Manufacturer Info”. The value of the specification version should be 2.0.
- If your screen displays the error “Cannot find compatible TPM”, your chip is disabled in the BIOS or unavailable on your computer.
- If you have version 2.0 but its status is “not ready”, go to “Actions” and click “Prepare the TPM”. This will enable TPM instantly on your device.
3. Use the Windows Security app
You can also use the Windows Security app to check for TPM 2.0.
- Go to “Settings” and select “Update and Security”.
- Under this security option, select “Windows Security” and then select “Device security.” You should see an option for “Security Processor Details” under the “Security Processor” option.
- Choose and verify yours Specification version about 2.0.
How to bypass TPM 2.0
What if your TPM version is below 2.0? Can you still install Windows 11 on your device?
Yes you can. You can bypass the TPM 2.0 requirement safely without damaging your device. Here’s how to do it.
1. Add a new registry entry using Regedit
Microsoft has developed this patch so you can be sure of its reliability. This does not mean that it supports or supports the installation of Windows 11 on devices that do not meet its requirements.
Here’s how to do it:
- to press Win +R To open “Run” and type
regedit. Click “OK” or click to enter To open Registry Editor.
- Navigate to “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE SYSTEM Setup MoSetup” from the top bar.
- Right-click on the main panel and select “Create a new DWORD (32-bit) value.”
- Give it the name “AllowUpgradesWithUnsupportedTPMOrCPU.”
- Set its value to “1”. Click “OK”.
- Exit Registry Editor.
Your computer can now upgrade to Windows 11.
Modify the registry in a new installation of Windows 11
Another way to do this is to modify the registry after starting a new Windows 11 installation.
- Start a new installation of Windows 11 until you get the error screen that says “This computer cannot run Windows 11.”
- to press shift + F10 To open the command prompt.
- Type “regedit.exe” and press to enter.
- Navigate to “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE SYSTEM Setup”.
- Right-click on the “Installation” folder. From the list options, select “New” and click “Key” from the expanded list. Name this new key “LabConfig.”
- Navigate to the “LabConfig” folder in the registry and open it. In the left pane of the window, right-click and create a new DWORD value (32-bit).
- Name this new DWORD
BypassTPMCheck. You can also add “BypassRAMCheck” and “BypassSecureBootCheck” DWORDs to bypass all Windows 11 requirements
- Set the values of all new DWORDs to “1”.
- Quit Registry Editor and the installation process will be complete.
Use Rufus to bypass TPM 2.0
You can use the Rufus utility to create a bootable USB with settings that disable TPM requirements. This setting also disables the RAM and CPU requirements, and actually makes your installation media compatible with almost all devices that do not meet Microsoft requirements.
This method requires you to use a flash drive i.e. At least 16GB in size.
- Download the The latest version of Rufus And install it on your PC.
- Insert a blank USB (16GB or more) into the computer, and then start Rufus.
- Select this USB drive as your installation location.
- Make sure the boot selection is “Disk or ISO Image”, then click “Download”.
- Rufus will prompt you to select “Windows 11”, its latest edition, and your preferred language.
- Rufus will also ask you to select a location to save your ISO image.
- Save it in your downloads folder.
- Once the download is complete, click on the image option and select “Windows 11 Extended Installation” to disable the TPM, secure boot and 8GB RAM requirements.
- Click “Start” to begin installing the ISO on your flash drive.
Once you’re done, you can use this drive to install Windows 11 on your old computer or virtual machine.
Can I install a new TPM chip on my PC?
Yes you can, but you must have a compatible motherboard. Most laptops manufactured after 2016 come with discrete or integrated TPM. Because laptop motherboards are more difficult to upgrade, you may not add a chip to your own.
If you have a compatible desktop motherboard, you can install a physical TPM chip on it. Most motherboards for desktops have this option.
Unless you have moderate experience or an expert with computer hardware, we recommend that you consult an expert if you need to perform this upgrade.
2. How much does a TPM chip cost?
In many cases, TPM chips do not cost more than $ 29, but when Microsoft announced this requirement, the price rose sharply to about $ 199. Now that the heat has subsided (and the TPM requirement can be bypassed anyway), they should return to normal pricing.
3. Does Windows 10 use TPM 2.0?
Yes, although this was not a hard floor requirement in this version of Windows. Since Windows 10, Microsoft has taken full control of the TPM module to ensure that your system remains secure.
Now that you know how to bypass the TPM 2.0 requirement, you can install Windows 11 on your device. Even though you have followed these restrictions, many of you want to get a compatible computer anyway.
Microsoft does not like a new operating system on devices that do not meet the requirements. While this will not prevent you from doing so in any case, the user agreement protects Mircosoft from any damage that may be caused to your computer as a result of using Windows 11.
The agreement also eliminates any obligation to issue updates to your device. A compatible device protects you at the mercy of Microsoft, and you can enjoy full support in installing your Windows 11.
Read on to learn how to convert older BIOS to UEFI in Windows 10.
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